Bees that collect honey, which none of my ancestors had ever seen or brought into the land of Suhu, I brought down from the mountain of the men of Habha, and made them settle in the orchards of the town 'Gabbari-built-it'.
They collect honey and wax, and I know how to melt the honey and wax – and the gardeners know too.
The ancient Maya domesticated a separate species of stingless bee.
The use of stingless bees is referred to as meliponiculture, named after bees of the tribe Meliponini—such as Melipona quadrifasciata in Brazil.
Traces of beeswax are found in pot sherds throughout the Middle East beginning about 7000 BCE.
I am Shamash-resh-ușur, the governor of Suhu and the land of Mari.
This suggests honey harvesting by humans may be of great antiquity.
This species has several sub-species or regional varieties, such as the Italian bee (Apis mellifera ligustica), European dark bee (Apis mellifera mellifera), and the Carniolan honey bee (Apis mellifera carnica).
Many others rear their young in burrows and small colonies (e.g., bumblebees and stingless bees). the little honeybee (Apis florea), giant honeybee (Apis dorsata) and rock bee (Apis laboriosa).
Beekeeping, or apiculture, is concerned with the practical management of the social species of honey bees, which live in large colonies of up to 100,000 individuals.
In the tropics, other species of social bees are managed for honey production, including the Asiatic honey bee (Apis cerana).
All of the Apis mellifera sub-species are capable of inter-breeding and hybridizing.